Thermosyphons transfer heat in exactly the same way as
the Heat Pipe by evaporation followed by condensation.
Howevere no capillary structure is present to aid liquid transport from the condenser back to the evaporator, and
thus the evaporator must be located vertically below the condenser, gravity will then ensure that the condensate
returns to the evaporator.
To avoid the confusion because the term
" Heat Pipe" is
commonly used to describe both the Heat Pipe and
Thermosyphone the term "Gravity Assisted Heat Pipe" has been used to describe thermosyphons.
Working animation of Thermosyphon